Indonesian AMX-13-105 Tank Retrofit aka Yonkav 2 Tank

Indonesian AMX-13-105 Tank Retrofit aka Yonkav 2 Tank

Despite having a larger 105mm main gun, the AMX-13-105 Light Tank was not an upgrade for the AMX-13-75, unlike the AMX-13-90 Light Tank, but a new improved manufactured model.

The first AMX-13-105 model was the AMX-13/105 Modèle 58, which was well exported and still in service with some less affluent nations.

A second model, AMX-13/105 Modèle 1987 was also developed but did not enter production.

The most modern AMX-13-105 Tank is the Indonesian Yonkav 2 Tank, a retrofitted vehicle entering service in 2014.

AMX-13-150 Tank Models

AMX-13/105 Modèle 58 (Early 1970’s)

AMX-13-150 Tank Modèle 58

AMX-13-150 Tank Modèle 58

105mm L/44 main gun mounted in a FL-12 Turret. The 105mm Main Gun was later offered with a Thermal Sleeve. The AMX-13-105 stored 32 rounds, 12 were stored in the autoloaders 2 drums, just like the AMX-13-75.

AMX-13/105 Modèle 1987 (1987)

The last of the AMX-13 series to be developed (but didn’t enter production) it offered increased frontal protection (unspecified/no pictures), firepower (could be retrofitted with various Fire Control Systems) and mobility, with the choice of Diesel engines, new transmission as well as hydro pneumatic suspension.

Engines Offered:
Baudouin 6F 11 SRY, diesel 280hp. Road range increased to between 550 to 600 km and a top road speed of 65 km/h
Detroit Diesel Model 6V-53T, diesel 280hp. Road range increased to between 550 to 600 km and a top road speed of 65 km/h

Transmission:
An automatic transmission from Rockford Powertrain

The hydro pneumatic suspension would have enabled faster speed across rough terrain, smoother ride for the crew (reducing fatigue) and assisted with better firing on the move.

DF 105 Combat Tank (Mid 1980’s)

AMX-13-105 Tank model DF-105-Combat-Tank

DF-105 Combat Tank

The DF 105 was a tank destroyer / support tank design (just like Pz57 in game FL-15 Turret mounted on a Marder 1 Infantry Fighting Vehicle. The FL-15 turret was developed in 1983 as a further development of the earlier FL-12.

This oscillating turret was equipped with the modern SOPTAC Fire Control system and TCV 186 laser rangefinder. The turret was equipped with the French 105mm FN gun. The turret armor was 40mm thick and could depress and elevate -8 / + 12. Rate of fire of fire was 12 rounds per minute and the ammunition capacity was 50 shots of various types – HE (T) , HEAP, HEAT, APDS (T) and APFSDS. The entire vehicle weighed 30 tons and was powered by a 720hp MB-833 Ka-500 engine just like the TAM.

AMX-13-150 Tank Operators

  • Ecuador – Total of 108 vehicles delivered from 3 orders made in 1970, 1975 and 1976, which complimented an order of 87 AMX-VCI Armored Personnel Carriers in 1975
  • Indonesia – Large order of AMX-13 vehicles and models ordered in 1960 onwards
  • Netherlands – 131 vehicles were ordered in 1961 following a large order of AMX-VCI APC vehicles. Final deliveries completed in 1964. All vehicles now retired.
  • Peru – 78 vehicles ordered in 1967 from France and were all delivered from 1968 to 69

AMX-13-150 Tank Operator Upgrades

Ecuador (1988): No re-designation

AMX-13-105 Tank Ecuador

AMX-13-105 Tank Ecuador

SOPELEM Fire Control System, no thermal sights.

Indonesia (2014): Tank AMX-13 Retrofit aka Yonkav 2 Tank

Indonesian AMX-13-105 Tank Retrofit aka Yonkav 2 Tank

Indonesian AMX-13-105 Tank Retrofit aka Yonkav 2 Tank

Complete armor package, Navistar 320hp engine, and other upgrades too. Requires further info as development is ongoing.

Netherlands (1972 onwards): AMX-13/FL-12 [Modernised]

AMX-13-105 Tank Netherlands

AMX-13-105 Tank Netherlands

AMX-13/FL-12 [Modernised] Fitted with a searchlight and FN MAG machine-guns
AMX-13/FL-15 Dutch FL-12 version refitted with an FL-15 Turret

Peru (2010): AMX-13PA3 “Escorpion”

Peru AMX-13-105 Tank upgrade the AMX-13PA3 Escorpion

Peru AMX-13-105 Tank upgrade the AMX-13PA3 Escorpion

Fitted with modern communications and x4 9M14-2T missiles (AT-3 Sagger).

Peru (2010): AMX-13 tank Alacran or “Scorpion” Tank Destroyer

Peru AMX-13-105 Tank upgrade the AMX-13 tank Alacran or “Scorpion” Tank Destroyer

Peru AMX-13-105 Tank upgrade the AMX-13 tank Alacran or “Scorpion” Tank Destroyer

105mm Main Gun removed and turret fitted with a dual ATGM launcher firing 9M133 Kornet and a model with a x3 launcher has also been produced.

AMX-13-150 Tank Specifications

Firepower
Main Gun 105mm Rifled (Cal L44)
Elevation -5 to +12
Secondary Weapons x1 coaxial 7.62mm MG, x1 7.62mm MG
Ammunition Storage x32 90mm, x4,000 7.62mm
Mobility
Engine 250hp SOFAM Model 8Gxb Petrol
Transmission Manual (4 forward/ 1 reverse gears)?
Top Road Speed 60 km/h
Road Range 350+ km
Fuel Capacity 480 Litres
Vertical Obstacle 0.65m?
Water Capability 0.6m Wading
Trench Crossing 1.9m
Gradient 60%
Side Slope 60%
Dimensions
Length Gun Forward 6.7m
Length Hull 4.88m
Width
2.51m
Height 2.8m (overall)
Ground Clearance 0.4m
Weight 15,000kg aka 15 tonne combat?
Protection
NBC Protected No
Armor Type Steel/Slope
Active Protection Systems No
Crew
Commander Yes
Gunner Yes
Loader
Driver Yes
Additional Crew
Troops Carried n/a

See Also:

References:

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