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BTR-T image #10

Russia

BTR-T

BTR-T image #2
Unveiled / Entered Service
1997
BTR-T Image #11
Status
Former Prototype
Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Table of Contents

Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Introduction

The BTR-T Armoured Personnel Carrier is a former Russian Heavy Armoured Personnel Carrier, but prior to its cancellation it was up-gunned to an Infantry Fighting Vehicle capable of transporting x5 infantry men. It was developed on the hull of an T-55 Medium Tank and born out of the lessons of the First Chechen War.

Background

The Battle of Grozny raged from December 1994 to March 1995. By the time the Russian forces had captured the capital, it had cost them over 5,000 men and unknown number of Chechen civilians and over 240 tanks/armoured fighting vehicles.

Chechen fighters had learnt fairly early on in the battle, how vulnerable the sides and top of armoured vehicles were to heavy machine gun fire and RPG-7 attacks, especially from elevated positions like roof tops and blocks of flats. Not only this, but the BMP-1 main gun didn’t have the elevation to engage them.

The Russian T-54/T-55 was the second most mass produced tank of all time. Obsolete and out-classed by the more modern  Main Battle Tanks, Russia had thousands of T-55 in storage.

KBTM the design bureau of Omsktransmash took it upon itself to develop a new Heavy APC that could operate safely in built up areas and withstand multiple RPG-7 attacks in 1994.

To make the design more appealing during a time of financial crisis, the decision was made to convert T-55 hulls in order to save on production costs.

This wasn’t the first time this had been done. During the 1980’s, Israel had converted captured Syrian T-55 tanks to develop their Heavy APC, the Achzarit.

Modifications to the T-55 hull started with the removal of the x3 man turret, sub systems and 100mm ammunition storage. The sides of the hull were built up to create a raised structure for the infantry compartment for 5 troops, which was topped off with a new roof to cover the old turret ring. The drivers station remained in the same position.

A new one man turret operated by the commander was installed in the new roof (off-set to the right) as were two new heavy hatches for the infantry to climb in and out of.

BTR-T with Kontakt-5 Explosive Reactive Armour
BTR-T with Kontakt-5 Explosive Reactive Armour

The T-55’s hull was constructed in thick steel, designed to withstand Armour Piercing rounds of the day, where at best the BMP-2 could protect against machine gun fire. In addition, Kontakt-5 Explosive Reactive Armour (as used on the T-80U Main Battle Tank) was fitted across the front of the vehicle. Four banks of x3 smoke grenade launchers were mounted on the rear of the hull.

The turret had a commanders hatch built into its right side. Initially the one man turret was fitted with a heavy machine gun, but this was later replaced with the 2A42 30mm chain gun, that had a high elevation. A single Anti-Tank Guided Missile launcher was mounted on the turret ring next to the commanders hatch so he would have to lean out to operate it just like the German Marder 1 IFV.

Ultimately the project failed to attract any orders. This could be due to the obvious floor in its design, that being the infantry having to exit the vehicle through the roof and being highly exposed to enemy fire or that funding for development and production was not available as Russia started to enter the 1998 financial crisis.

Specifications

characteristic
Result
Main Gun
30mm Chain Gun
ATGM Capability
9M113 Konkurs
Secondary Weapons
Coaxial 7.62mm Machine Gun
Ammunition Storage
?
Engine
620hp 12 cylinders Diesel
Transmission
?
Top Road Speed
50km/h
Road Range
500km
Fuel Capacity
?
Vertical Obstacle
?
Water Capability
?
Trench Crossing
?
Gradient
?
Side Slope
?
Length Gun Forward
N/A
Length Hull
6.45m
Width
3.27m
Height
2.4m
Ground Clearance
?
Weight
38.5 tonne
NBC Protected
no
Standard Armor(s) Type
Steel, Explosive Reactive Armour (ERA)
Optional Add-on Armor(s) Type
Active Protection Systems
no
Crew
Commander, Driver
Infantry
5