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AMPV Family

United States of America

Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle

AMPV IFV
Unveiled / Entered Service
2023
Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle
Status
In Service
Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Table of Contents

Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Introduction

The Armored Multi-Purpose Vehicle (aka AMPV) is a family of tracked vehicles, designed to perform support roles on the battlefield. Developed and manufactured by BAE Systems and based on the M2 Bradley chassis, a planned five variants will be going into US Army service to replace the remaining M113. As of 2024, BAE have started to develop other family variants for the export market.

Background

Soldiers from 4th Squadron, 9th U.S. Cavalry Regiment “Dark Horse,” 2nd Armored Brigade Combat Team

The M113 Armored Personnel Carrier has been in US Army service since 1960 and was developed into a large family of variants. During the 1960’s there was a shift in infantry tactics on the battlefield to mounted infantry to counter the much feared potential NBC contaminated battlefield they would have to fight on.

This required a new vehicle and from 1968 development started of what would become the M2 Bradley Infantry Fighting Vehicle. Whilst the M2 replaced the M113 APC in the infantry carrier role from 1981 onwards, the other M113 support role vehicles remained in service and were unable to keep pace with the new M1 Abram’s Main Battle Tank.

It was estimated in the 2000’s that the US Army had some 6,000 M113 in support roles still in service.

Any replacement vehicle design faced a number of challenges but the principal was cost vs number of required vehicles. Modern tracked vehicles are more sophisticated than the M113 and therefore have a higher price tag, which meant that any new design could make it financially impossible to produce due to the vast number of replacement vehicles required.

The FMC Corporation had been the original designer and manufacturer of both the M113 and M2 Bradley. In 1994 they created a new company to handle all their defence contracts called United Defence. This company was purchased by BAE Systems in 2005 who inherited the M2 Bradley IFV and M109 Self Propelled Gun.

In 2013 the US Army laid out its requirements for the M113 replacement. With cost being a key consideration, one requirement was the use of a “off the shelf” vehicle, meaning the potential replacement was a modified version of a vehicle already in production (so as to avoid development costs and the larger price tag).

BAE submitted their proposal based on the M2 Bradley chassis and mobility components of the M109A7 in 2014. It was heavily armoured as requested by the US Army and could be modified to a number of different variants and roles as well as accommodate any future changes in digital network capabilities. The use of both vehicles components offered the Army a lower vehicle price tag, cheaper spare parts (as manufactured in greater volume) that were more readily available and savings in cross training maintenance.

With GDLS withdrawing from the replacement program, only BAE Systems AMPV design was left on the table. In 2018, a low-rate initial production order was placed and by 2021 one of each five family variants had been delivered to the army. In late 2023 a $797,000,000 contract to begin full scale production was signed for all five family variants.

Firepower

All five current variants of the AMPV feature a .50 calibre heavy machine gun on the commanders cupola for defensive purposes. In early 2024, BAE Systems unveiled a new variant (not ordered by the US Army) featuring the Elbit Systems’ UT30MK2 unmanned turret, complete with 30mm chain gun and internal ATGM (most likely Spike-LR).

Protection

The AMPV is heavily armoured (possibly an adaptation of the BUSK II kit) in comparison to the M113. It features as standard armoured ceramic armour panels on the side and front of the hull, which additional modular reactive armour and bar armour is mounted too. The hull has additional belly armour (possibly a V-hull) to protect against mines and IED’s.

An automatic fire suppression systems in the crew and engine compartments is installed as standard.

Variants and Marks

In Service Variants

The US Army has ordered and receiving:

  • General Purpose vehicle M1283 carrier: Used for resupply and mechanical engineers. Commander, Driver & upto 4 additional crew.
  • Mortar Carrier: Internally mounted M121 Mortar System and M95 Mortar Fire Control System, fired from within the vehicle through an open roof hatch.
  • Medical Treatment vehicle: Equipped to treat life threatening injuries in preparation of evacuation.
  • Medical Evacuation vehicle: Provides evacuation of injured troops from the front-line to field hospitals.
  • Mission Command vehicle: Equipped with the latest digital battlefield management systems and communications for commanders in the field.

BAE Systems Prototypes

BAE have been developing several prototypes that they have completed firing trials with and exhibited at defence expo’s:

  • Infantry Fighting Vehicle: Not given this designation, but features the Elbit Systems’ UT30MK2 unmanned turret. Unveiled in March 2024.
  • Turreted Mortar: Fitted with the Finnish NEMO turreted 120mm mortar. Unveiled in March 2024.
  • Counter-Unmanned Aircraft System (CUAS): Fitted with the Moog Reconfigurable Integrated-weapons Platform (RIwP®) turret.

Specifications

characteristic
Result
Main Gun
N/A
ATGM Capability
Secondary Weapons
commanders 50 cal machine gun
Ammunition Storage
N/A
Engine
?
Transmission
?
Top Road Speed
?
Road Range
402 km?
Fuel Capacity
587 Litres?
Vertical Obstacle
0.9m?
Water Capability
?
Trench Crossing
2.5m?
Gradient
60%?
Side Slope
40%?
Length Gun Forward
N/A
Length Hull
6.5m+
Width
3.2m+
Height
?
Ground Clearance
?
Weight
?
NBC Protected
yes
Standard Armor(s) Type
Steel, Laminated, Bar, Modular
Optional Add-on Armor(s) Type
Modular, Explosive Reactive Armour (ERA)
Active Protection Systems
no
Crew
Commander, Driver
Infantry
4