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Type 85-II Tank
China

Type 85-II Battle Tank

Type 85-II Tank
Unveiled / Entered Service
1985
Type 85-III Tank
Status
In Service
Steel Aces Play for free
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Table of Contents

Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Introduction

The Type 85-II Tank is series of Chinese exported Main Battle Tanks that have gone through a number of upgrades, in firepower, mobility and protection. The more modern and advanced Chinese Peoples Liberation Army Type 96 Tank is believed to have been a further development of the Type 85-II series tanks due to their close visual appearance and layout.

Background

The Type 80 Tank was a series of prototypes developed in the early to mid 1980’s. Whilst the Type 80-II with its oval cast turret was developed into the Type 88 Tank for the PLA, a third prototype, the Type 80-III was built with a new welded turret. This meant that China would finally have a tank capable of being fitted with composite or laminate armor on the turret front, not just the hull.

It is speculated that this was further developed into the Type 85-II Tank by China North Industries Corporation (Norinco), which retained the rifled 105mm Type 83 main gun. An additional unspecified model was built called the Type 85-IIA.

Variants and Marks

Type 85-IIM

Type 85-IIM Tank
Type 85-IIM Tank

The next model of the Type 85-II tank was the Type 85-IIM. The 105mm main gun was replaced with a new 125mm smoothbore and autoloader. Announced in 1992, the Type 85-IIM was a significant breakthrough for Chinese tank development in terms of protection and firepower.

The main gun was stabilized for more accurate firing on the move and equipped with a modern Fire Control System, which had a laser designator and night vision capability.

Type 85-III

Type 85-III Tank
Type 85-III Tank with ERA

Developed as an improved version of the Type 85-IIM by Norinco, it was marketed from 1995 onwards with Explosive Reactive Armor added across the hull and turret fronts. Retaining the same 125mm smoothbore main gun and autoloader of its predecessor, it was fitted with a new 1000hp diesel engine.

Operators

Pakistan: A total of 268 Type 85-II and Type 85-IIM have been delivered and produced under licence for the Pakistani Army. It is also known as the Type 85-IIAP.

The initial order was placed with China in 1990 and deliveries (include licence production) ran from 1992 to 1996.

Sudan: Some sites state that the Sudan has received the Type 96, however this is incorrect. The Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Database shows only x25, Type 85-IIM Tanks to have been delivered between 2002 to 2006.

Specifications

characteristic
Result
Main Gun
125mm Smoothbore Elevation -4 to +14
Secondary Weapons
Coaxial 7.62mm Machine Gun, commanders 50 cal machine gun
Ammunition Storage
x40 100mm, x2,000 7.62mm, x500 12.7mm
Engine
Model VR-36 730hp Diesel liquid-cooled
Transmission
?
Top Road Speed
57 km/h
Road Range
?
Fuel Capacity
?
Vertical Obstacle
0.8m
Water Capability
1.4m
Trench Crossing
2.7m
Gradient
60%
Side Slope
30%?
Length Gun Forward
10.28m
Length Hull
6.32m
Width
3.45m (including side skirts)
Height
2.3m (roof top)
Ground Clearance
0.48m
Weight
41 tonne combat
NBC Protected
yes
Standard Armor(s) Type
Steel, Laminated
Optional Add-on Armor(s) Type
Explosive Reactive Armour (ERA)
Active Protection Systems
no
Crew
Commander, Gunner, Driver