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Type 80 Tank
China

Type 80 Medium Tank

Type 80 Tank
Unveiled / Entered Service
1985
Type 80 Tank
Status
Prototype
Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Table of Contents

Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Introduction

The First Type 80 Tank prototype was built-in 1985. It was developed as a potential replacement of the Type 59 Tank following previous designs such as the Type 69 Tank initially being rejected by the Chinese Peoples Liberation Army. The Type 80 was the last Chinese tank built that used a 105mm main gun.

Background

The Type 80 upgraded prototypes were the Type 80-II and Type 80-III. The Type 80-II was accepted in to PLA service in 1988 under the designation “Type 88” and it in itself would later receiver further upgrades resulting in different Type 88 Marks. The Type 80-III was also eventually developed into the Type 85 series for the export market.

Firepower

The Type 80 tank used a 105mm (Bore Calibre) Rifled Main Gun called the Type 83. It has a fume extractor in the centre of the barrel and a thermal sleeve to regulate the barrel temperature for increased accuracy.

The Type 83 main gun was fully stabilised  and had a modern Fire Control system with laser range finder called “Light Spot”.

Protection

The Type 80 was a steel construction. If required an external bolt on layer of composite armor could be fitted to the glacis plated (front of hull) for improved battlefield survivability. The vehicle has an NBC system and external smoke grenade launchers.

Mobility

The Type 80 used the 730hp VR36 diesel engine and torsion bar suspension. The engine compartment is located in the hull rear. Operational range could be increased when x2 fuel drums were mounted on the hull rear.

Variants and Marks

Type 80-II

The Type 80-II was a modified Type 80 prototype. The laser range finder was moved and integrated in to the gunners sight freeing the frontal part of the turret so newer armour could be added at a later date.

The existing storage racks were extended around the turret and a new NBC system was installed. Another new system was BIT, AKA Built-In-Test system for the identification of malfunctions of the vehicles systems.

The Type 80 had a x4 man crew, the Loader stood on the right of turret read to load the breach, with the Gunner on the left side and Commander behind him in an elevated station. The Driver sat on the front left side of the hull.

Type 80-III

The Type 80-III was a prototype reportedly fitted with a 125mm smoothbore and autoloader.

Type 88

Following further modifications, the Type 80-II was accepted into Chinese PLA service (Peoples Liberation Army) as the Type 88 Tank.

Specifications

characteristic
Result
Main Gun
Rifled 105mm Type 83, Elevation -4 to +18
Secondary Weapons
Coaxial 7.62mm Machine Gun, commanders 50 cal machine gun
Ammunition Storage
x44 105mm, x500 12.7mm, x2,250 7.62mm rounds
Engine
730hp VR36 series Diesel
Transmission
Mannual
Top Road Speed
65 Km/h
Road Range
430 km (600 km added fuel tanks)
Fuel Capacity
1000 Litres (+ x2 200 Litre fuel tanks)
Vertical Obstacle
0.8m
Water Capability
1.4m (Snorkel 5m)
Trench Crossing
2.7m
Gradient
60%
Side Slope
40%
Length Gun Forward
9.32m
Length Hull
6.32m
Width
3.37m (including skirts)
Height
2.29m
Ground Clearance
0.48m
Weight
38 tonne combat
NBC Protected
yes
Standard Armor(s) Type
Steel
Optional Add-on Armor(s) Type
Active Protection Systems
no
Crew
Commander, Gunner, Loader, Driver