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Type 59D Tank
China

Type 59D Tank

Type 59D Tank
Unveiled / Entered Service
1995
Type 59D Tank
Status
In Service
Steel Aces Play for free
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Table of Contents

Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Introduction

The Type 59D Tank is the most modern of the Type 59 Tank models in service with the Chinese PLA (Peoples Liberation Army).

The Type 59D is an upgrade package for the PLA’s Type 59 fleet that focused on improvements in firepower and protection, the package was fitted from 1995 onwards by the Inner-Mongolia First Machine Group Company Limited (617 Factory).

Background

Firepower

The Type 59D has been fitted with 2 different rifled 105mm main guns. The long-barrel Type 83A and the older Type 79 105mm rifled gun. Both guns are capable of firing standard 105mm APFSDS, HEAT, and HEAT-FRAG rounds.

The Type 59D uses the same Type 37A “Light Spot Fire” Control System as used on the former Chinese Type 80 Main Battle Tank. The system consists of dual-way stabilisation, ballistic computer, an integrated laser rangefinder and commander sight, and a gunner sight with image intensifier night vision. The driver also has an image intensifier vision block for night vision.

Protection

The Type 59D is fitted with additional protection, the indigenous FY series of Explosive Reactive Armor. These are fixed to the turrets front and hull upper glacis plate. Additional storage racks can be fitted across the rear and remaining turret sides. Its not clear if the racks are strong enough to protect against an RPG hit or tank fired HEAT round.

Operators

China – As of 2014 still had 550 Type 59D Tanks in service, however this number is constantly going down as newer tanks enter PLA service and surplus Type 59D are being sold to other countries
Myanmar – 25 Type 59D (surplus) delivered 2004
Sudan – 50 Type 59D delivered between 2010/15 (to add to the 50 Type 59 already delivered in 1972)

Specifications

characteristic
Result
Main Gun
105mm, Rifled Elevation -4 to +17 (?)
Secondary Weapons
Coaxial 7.62mm Machine Gun, commanders 50 cal machine gun
Ammunition Storage
x34 105mm (?), x3,500 7.62mm, x200 12.7mm
Engine
Model 12150L 520hp Diesel liquid-cooled
Transmission
Manual 5 forward / 1 reverse gears
Top Road Speed
50 km/h
Road Range
440 km (without rear fuel drums)
Fuel Capacity
815 Litres
Vertical Obstacle
0.79m
Water Capability
1.4m (Preparation 5.5m)
Trench Crossing
2.7m
Gradient
60%
Side Slope
30%?
Length Gun Forward
9m
Length Hull
6.04m
Width
3.27m
Height
2.59m (roof top)
Ground Clearance
0.425m
Weight
36 tonne combat
NBC Protected
yes
Standard Armor(s) Type
Steel, Explosive Reactive Armour (ERA)
Optional Add-on Armor(s) Type
Active Protection Systems
no
Crew
Commander, Gunner, Loader, Driver