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Stingray Light Tank
United States of America

Stingray Light Tank

Stingray Light Tank
Unveiled / Entered Service
1985
Stingray Light Tank
Status
In Service
Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Table of Contents

Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Introduction

The Stingray Light Tank was developed and built by the American company Cadillac Gage (who merged with Textron Marine in 1994 to form Textron Marine & Land Systems) for the export market. The first prototype was completed in 1985 and eventually purchased by the Royal Thai Army. It was considered for the American Army AGS program. Its turret has been used on a number of prototypes and demonstrators over the years and led to the development of the Stingray II.

Background

Cadillac Gage is a former American manufacturer of armoured vehicles, predominately 4×4 vehicles. These have been exported worldwide since the 1960’s. They were very popular due to their amphibious capabilities and general mobility as well as simplicity and low price tag.

During the 1980’s, the company decided to move into development and production of tracked vehicles, notability a light tank. This decision meant the company only had to focus on firepower and mobility, not the expensive development of laminated or composite armour.

Where ever possible, Cadillac Gage used components that were used by in-service vehicles, such as the main gun and transmission to in sure reduced operating costs and consistent supply of spares, which is always appealing to potential operators.

The first prototype was completed in 1985 and ready for trials. The first and only order came in 1988 when the Royal Thai Army purchased 106 vehicles for $150 million dollars. These were manufactured at a rate of seven vehicles per month.

The vehicle features a standard x4 man crew just like most conventional Main Battle Tanks. The driver is located in the front of the hull, the commander and gunner in tandem on the right-side of the turret and the loader on the left.

Firepower

The Stingray was developed to provide the firepower of a Main Battle Tank. It featured the low-recoil version of the British L7 105mm main gun. The low-recoil was required due to the turrets smaller size when compared to that of an MBT’s, but it could still fire all NATO compatible 105mm ammunition as used by the M1 Abram’s.

The fire control system included a ballistic computer, laser range finder, wind sensor, M36/E1 Gunners sight with day/night channels (thermal).

 

Protection

The Stingray is manufactured of welded Cadloy armoured steel. It offers all round protection against 14.5mm AP rounds over the frontal arc and 7.62mm over the rear.

Mobility

Diagram of the Stingray Light Tank

Special attention was paid to both the tactical and strategic mobility of the Stingray. The reduction in weight for air-transportation came from its size and lack of armour, making it transportable by C-130 and other aircraft.

The power-pack is a 535hp Detroit diesel and Alison automatic transmission used on the M109 Self-Propelled Gun.

Variants and Marks

M551 Hybrid

An M551 hull and Stingray turret were married together as a possible replacement to the Sheridan. The decision to experiment with the turret was due to the low recoil force from firing the main gun. The project remained at the demonstrator phase.

M41 Walker Bulldog Hybrid

Another hybrid by Cadillac Gage, this time a Stingray turret married to the M41 hull. This offered less affluent countries operating the M41 the opportunity to up-gun and improve the vehicle.

Stingray II

Development started in 1992 of an improved version of the Stingray, aka Stingray II. The vehicles principal upgrades were the Fire Control System (including thermal technology) improved armour offering protection over the frontal arc against 23mm AP rounds fired from a chain gun and other mobility improvements. The vehicle did not attract any orders.

LAV-105

A modified Stingray Turret featuring the XM35 105mm rifled main gun married to a LAV-II 8×8 hull. Three prototypes were developed for the USMC in the early 1990’s as a potential anti-tank variant of their LAV-25 family of vehicles. The project ended due to a lack of funds.

LAV-600

The Cadillac Gage LAV-600 (no relation to the Canadian LAV series) is an improved version of the companies earlier 6×6 LAV-300 but featured the Stingray’s turret.

Specifications

characteristic
Result
Main Gun
L7 Low Recoil 105mm Rifled
Secondary Weapons
Coaxial 7.62mm Machine Gun, commanders 50 cal machine gun
Ammunition Storage
x32 105mm / x2000 7.62mm
Engine
535hp Detroit diesel
Transmission
Alison Automatic
Top Road Speed
42 mp/h
Road Range
300 Miles
Fuel Capacity
?
Vertical Obstacle
?
Water Capability
?
Trench Crossing
?
Gradient
?
Side Slope
?
Length Gun Forward
9.3m
Length Hull
?
Width
3m
Height
2.7m
Ground Clearance
?
Weight
22.6 tonnes
NBC Protected
yes
Standard Armor(s) Type
Steel
Optional Add-on Armor(s) Type
Active Protection Systems
no
Crew
Commander, Gunner, Loader, Driver