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Leopard 2 MBT Tech Demonstrator
Germany

MBT Advanced Technology Demonstrator

Leopard 2 MBT Advanced Technology Demonstrator
Unveiled / Entered Service
2016
Leopard 2 MBT Advanced Technology Demonstrator
Status
Tech Demonstrator
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Table of Contents

Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Introduction

The MBT Advanced Technology Demonstrator is a singular Leopard 2A4 that has been enhanced by Rheinmetall to show case in a modular format, all theirs and their subsidiaries capabilities in modernising and improving the Leopard 2A4 tank.

The vehicle utilises Rheinmetall's Leopard 2 MBT Revolution modular armour system as well as other modular improvements in active protection and firepower.

The vehicle was first exhibited in the UK at DVD 2016 and subsequent defence expo's in the early years of the Challenger 2 LEP program.

 

Background

At the DVD 2016 Defence Expo held in the United Kingdom, Rheinmetall informed us that the vehicle was fitted with all the latest technology and equipment both it and its subsidiary companies had to offer as a modular design.

This modular design means any future customer is able to select which technology and equipment they want when buying the upgrade package, as an “off the shelve” product to meet their own requirements. This was one of the main reasons the tank was renamed from “Revolution” to “MBT Advanced Technology Demonstrator” for 2016.

Firepower

The MBT Advanced Technology Demonstrator also has improved firepower with the mounting of the Rheinmetall L55 120mm smoothbore main gun. The designation “L55” refers to the calibre Length of the gun. This is measured by dividing the barrel length by the bore calibre. This means the L55 Smoothbore is 6.6m in length and is 1.32m longer than its predecessor, the L44 used on the Leopard 2A4 and Leopard 2A5.

The increased calibre Length of a tanks main gun means the round when fired, has a greater distance to travel down the barrel, allowing the energy from the combustible element to build up for longer, resulting in an increased muzzle velocity. Muzzle Velocity is measured by how many meters per second the round is travelling at the point it exits the end of the gun.

The higher muzzle velocity increases the rounds range, improves accuracy and will provide more “punch” for the DM33 APFSDS rounds (as used by the L44) to defeat modern armor.

120mm DM63 APFSDS Round

The world’s first temperature independent high performance tank ammunition, the DM 63 and DM 53 A1 (the latter is an upgraded version of the DM 53). What sets this round apart is its temperature-independent propulsion system (TIPS), which maintains its internal ballistic characteristics at a constant level through a broad temperature span. This new generation of ammunition is considerably more accurate and causes substantially less barrel erosion. The DM 63 can be used in climatic zones C2 to A1, and fired from any 120mm smoothbore tank gun.

120mm PELE Round

The company’s newly developed 120mm PELE is an inert round. It contains no explosive and is therefore extremely safe to handle. When it hits its target, the low-density material inside the projectile becomes so compressed that it causes the warhead to burst, resulting in a large number of fragments, which travel exclusively in the round’s trajectory. This is especially advantageous in the case of semi-hard targets. PELE can be retrofitted into multi-purpose ammunition or armour-piercing rounds.

Fire Control Systems

The Vehicle also features the latest (at the time) in digital fire controls and thermal sight technology.

Protection

AMAP Protection

The MBT Advanced Technology Demonstrator uses the same Advanced Modular Armor Protection (AMAP) as the Leopard 2 MBT Revolution, which contains the various passive AMAP composite armor offered by Rheinmetall Chempro GmbH.

The modular armor extends the length of the turret and most of the hull for improved protection in built-up/urban area’s. The rear section of the hull is fitted with cage armor.

Active Protection Systems

The MBT Advanced Technology Demonstrator is fitted with a new modular Hard-Kill Active Protection System. Mounted along the turrets sides, each module consists of sensors for detection incoming threats and countermeasures for defeating the threat. The system has been developed by German company, Defence Aid Suites (HK-DAS) ADS GmbH. The company was founded in 2006 and is part owned by Rheinmetall.

Specifications

characteristic
Result
Main Gun
Rheinmetall L44 – 120mm, calibre Length 44 smoothbore Elevation -9 to +20
Secondary Weapons
Coaxial 7.62mm Machine Gun, Loaders 7.62.mm Machine Gun, Optional Remote Weapons Station with MG
Ammunition Storage
x42 120mm, x4,750 7.62mm
Engine
MTU Mb 873 ka 501, turbocharged 1500hp Diesel
Transmission
RENK HSWL 354, 4 speed forward/2 reverse
Top Road Speed
68 km/h
Road Range
550km
Fuel Capacity
1160 litres
Vertical Obstacle
1.1m
Water Capability
1m (4m with Snorkel)
Trench Crossing
3m
Gradient
60%
Side Slope
30%
Length Gun Forward
11.2+m
Length Hull
7.72+m
Width
4.12+m
Height
3.03m
Ground Clearance
0.54m?
Weight
62.5 tonne combat
NBC Protected
yes
Standard Armor(s) Type
Steel, Composite, Spaced, Bar, Modular
Optional Add-on Armor(s) Type
Composite
Active Protection Systems
hard_kill
Crew
Commander, Gunner, Loader, Driver

References

IBD Archive website on AMAP Armor

Interview with Rheinmetall at DVD 2016 Defence Expo – Rheinmetall Brochure/documents

http://www.ads-protection.org/

Rheinmetall L55 Main Gun