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Danish Leopard 2A7 Tank
Germany

Leopard 2A7 Main Battle Tank

Danish Leopard 2A7 Tank
Unveiled / Entered Service
2010
Leopard 2A7+ Tank
Status
In Service
Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Table of Contents

Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Introduction

The Leopard 2A7 tank is an upgrade package developed by the vehicles original manufacturer, Krauss-Maffei Wegmann (KMW) for existing Leopard 2 tanks in the German Army. The A7 has since been purchased as an upgrade for other nations Leopard 2 tanks and evolved into the Leopard 2A8.

The Leopard 2A7 tank has retained the same engine as other Leopard 2 models, but seen other upgrades in mobility, lethality, protection and networking technology.

Background

The Leopard 2PSO is a former tech demonstrator developed by KMW in 2006 to emphasis its latest (at the time) upgrades to optimise the Leopard 2 for fighting in urban and asymmetric areas. Though an order was placed by Germany in 2008, the order was not finalised and didn’t enter service.

In 2010, KMW produced the Leopard 2A7+. This was another technology demonstrator and an evolution of the initial PSO model but featured the complete list of available upgrades KMW offered at the time.

Just like when the German Army only selected a few of the upgrades of all those available on the KMW Leopard 2 Improved for their A5 upgrade, the army only selected a number of the A7+ upgrades for the A7 model.

KMW started upgrading and delivering 20 German Army Leopard 2 tanks in 2014. These 20 vehicles were surplus Dutch Leopard 2A6M that were purchased by Canada to replace the 20 they had leased from Germany for the Afghanistan War and had decided to keep.

Variants and Marks

Leopard 2A7

The Leopard 2A7 primary upgrade is the use of programmable High Explosive Fragmentation DM11 & DM12 rounds, which have required modifications to the breach and Fire Control System.

The vehicles Hunter Killer capability has been improved with a new thermal channel for the Commanders Independent Sight, thanks to the installation of the 3rd generation ATTICA-P thermal imager.

A new Jenoptik 17 kW Auxiliary Power Unit has been installed and is located on the right, rear side of the hull. This provides power to the electrical systems (FCS, BMS, Comms etc) when the vehicle is in a static position for a period of time, rather than running the main engine to save on fuel and wear-and-tear.

The A7 features a new Battlefield Management System called IFIS (Integriertes Führungs- und Informationssystem).

The added systems have increased the vehicles weight by 3.4 tonne and has required the frontal torsion bars to be enhanced.

Leopard 2A7+

This is the given designation of the initial KMW Technology Demonstrator unveiled in 2010. It is also the generic marketing term used by KMW when discussing a potential export client who is buying a Leopard 2A7 with additional upgrades they offer, which are:

All-round passive modular armour, air-conditioning for the turret and drivers compartment, infantry phone at the rear of the hull and enhanced night vision (vehicle front and rear) for the driver.

 Leopard 2A7V

A total of 68 Leopard 2A4, 16 A6 and 20 A7 have been upgraded to the A7V model, which is an improved model of the standard Leopard 2A7, but also features improved gunners optics and transmission to help accommodate the additional weight.

In 2017 the German Army qualified the new L55/A1 120mm, calibre Length 55 smoothbore main gun for service, which is an improved model of the L55 used on both the A6 and A7. The 68 Leopard 2A4 have had their shorter L44 main guns replaced with the new L55/A1 as part of the upgrade.

These 68 vehicles are designated Leopard 2A7V Ausf B, whilst the original A6 and A7 who are using the standard L55 are Leopard 2A7V Ausf A.

Leopard 2A8

As these vehicles are newly manufactured Leopard 2A7 opposed to upgraded older models and feature Trophy Active Protection systems (supplied by EuroTrophy), the German procurement authority re-designated them the A8 in 2023. As new vehicles, they will be supplied with the upgraded L55/A1 main gun.

Operators

Former

Germany – 20 Leopard 2A7 were upgraded to the Leopard 2A7V.

Current

Denmark – 44 Leopard 2A5DK upgraded to A7DK model by 2023. All works carried out by KMW.

Germany – 105 Leopard 2A7V in service since 2019.

Hungary – 44 Leopard 2A7 ordered in in 2019. Delivery’s scheduled for 2023. Its not confirmed if these vehicles use the L55 or L55/A1 main gun. However, Rheinmetall hints that it uses the A1 version in a 2019 press release.

Norway – Originally ordered the A7 variant, but in 2023 these were redesignated the A8NO. Norway selected Greek company EODH to provide the companies ASPIS Modular armour solutions for these new vehicles in 2023.

Qatar – 62 Leopard 2A7 were ordered in 2013 of Leopard 2A7. Thought these vehicles were new builds, the L55/A1 main gun was not available at this time and use the standard L55. Deliveries from KMW started in 2014 and were completed in early 2018. These vehicles were purchased to replace their aging AMX-30B medium tanks.

Specifications

characteristic
Result
Main Gun
Rheinmetall L55 – 120mm, calibre Length 55 smoothbore Elevation -9 to +20
Secondary Weapons
Coaxial 7.62mm Machine Gun, Loaders 7.62.mm Machine Gun
Ammunition Storage
x42 120mm, x4,750 7.62mm
Engine
MTU Mb 873 ka 501, turbocharged 1500hp Diesel
Transmission
RENK HSWL 354, 4 speed forward/2 reverse
Top Road Speed
68 km/h
Road Range
550km
Fuel Capacity
1160 litres
Vertical Obstacle
1.1m
Water Capability
1m (4m with Snorkel)
Trench Crossing
3m
Gradient
60%
Side Slope
30%
Length Gun Forward
10.97m
Length Hull
7.72m
Width
2.64m Top of turret
Height
upto 4m
Ground Clearance
0.54m
Weight
66.5 tonnes
NBC Protected
yes
Standard Armor(s) Type
Steel, Composite, Modular
Optional Add-on Armor(s) Type
Composite, Bar, Modular
Active Protection Systems
hard_kill
Crew
Commander, Gunner, Loader, Driver