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Leopard 2A4T1 Tank
Turkey

Leopard 2A4T1 Main Battle Tank

Leopard 2A4T1 Tank
Unveiled / Entered Service
2019
Leopard 2A4T1 Tank
Status
In Service
Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Table of Contents

Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Introduction

The Leopard 2A4T1 is a Turkish, indigenously developed and upgraded Leopard 2A4 Main Battle Tank currently in service with the Turkish Land Forces. It was developed as an interim armour upgrade until the development of the TİYK-Leopard 2A4 project delivered a long term modernisation program that utilised components of the new M60TM and Atlay Main Battle Tank.

Background

In 2005, Turkey ordered 298 surplus Leopard 2A4 tanks from Germany, followed by a second order of 56 vehicles in 2009.

Whilst being the most modern tanks in the Turkish Land Forces inventory, they still required modernisation (as proven with the Leopard 2A5 and A6).

In August 2016, Turkish Armed Forced Launched Operation Euphrates Shield, a cross border operation into North Syria to fight ISIS and achieve other regional political objectives. By March 2017, Turkey confirmed it had met its objectives with the invasion.

Turkey deployed both M60 series and Leopard 2A4 tanks in the conflict. The A4’s performance was scrutinised following the much-publicised fighting in an operation to clear ISIS fighters from a hospital outside the Syrian city of al-Bab in December 2016.

The operation saw the loss of a single M60T, other armoured vehicles and seven Leopard 2A4. Footage of the operation saw destroyed Turkish Leopard 2 hulls with their turrets blown off. A disputed number of A4’s were destroyed in other battles using Anti-Tank Guided Missiles and IED’s.

Post Operation Euphrates Shield, it was clear to the Turkish Army that the A4 was not designed for asymmetrical fighting and anti-terrorist operations and a project to adapt them for such operations whilst modernising all their other technical systems at the same time was needed (later resulting in the TİYK-LEOP2A4 Project).

As a short-term measure, 40 tanks would be fitted with a new armour package that gave the A4 360-degree protection against RPG and Anti-Tank Guided Missiles.

Roketsan eventually won the contract to up-armour 40 Leopard 2A4 to the Leopard 2A4T1, with all works completed in 2021.

Protection

The A4T1 features modular armour (believed to be hollow) across the front and sides of the turret as well as frontal half of the hull.

In 2019, footage appeared a Leopard 2 fitted with an unspecified add-on armour package completing (unsuccessfully) mobility trials to see how the vehicle performed with the added weight and new dimensions.

Bar armour is used to cover the rest of hull sides and rear as well as the rear of turret. The upper glacis of the hull around the drivers station appears to be covered in what look like square Explosive Reactive Armour bricks. Its not clear if the armour package includes a belly plate to protect against IED attacks.

Like the MEXAS system of the Leopard 2A5, the turret modules are hinged to provide access to the engine bay.

Analysis of footage of the vehicle shows that modules are easily interchangeable should they be damaged and the added weight of the package has had little, if any negative effective on the vehicles mobility.

 

Specifications

characteristic
Result
Main Gun
Rheinmetall L44 – 120mm, calibre Length 44 smoothbore Elevation -9 to +20
Secondary Weapons
Coaxial 7.62mm Machine Gun, Loaders 7.62.mm Machine Gun
Ammunition Storage
x42 120mm, x4,750 7.62mm
Engine
MTU Mb 873 ka 501, turbocharged 1500hp Diesel
Transmission
RENK HSWL 354, 4 speed forward/2 reverse
Top Road Speed
68 km/h
Road Range
550km
Fuel Capacity
1160 litres
Vertical Obstacle
1.1m
Water Capability
1m (4m with Snorkel)
Trench Crossing
3m
Gradient
60%
Side Slope
30%
Length Gun Forward
9.66m
Length Hull
7.72+m
Width
3.7+m
Height
2.48m Turret Roof
Ground Clearance
0.54m
Weight
55.1+ Tonnes
NBC Protected
yes
Standard Armor(s) Type
Steel, Composite, Spaced, Bar, Modular
Optional Add-on Armor(s) Type
Active Protection Systems
no
Crew
Commander, Gunner, Loader, Driver