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Barak Tank
Israel

Barak Tank

Barak Tank
Unveiled / Entered Service
2023
Barak Tank
Status
In Service
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Table of Contents

Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Introduction

The Israeli Barak Tank (Hebrew: Lightening Tank) is a 5th Generation Main Battle Tank currently in production and in service with the Israeli Defence Force as of 2023. It is packed with the latest Situational Awareness, Active Protection and Artificial Intelligence technology, making it the most advanced Main Battle Tank in the world. The Barak is intended to replace older Merkava Mk 3 tanks currently in service.

Background

Since her independence, Israel has demonstrated growing capabilities in the development of  her indigenous military technology.

Initially developing the facilities to convert and improve Centurions, T-55, M48 and M60 Patton tanks to use the same main gun, ERA Armour and nearly all with the same series of engine, she has grown to tank development and manufacturing as well as the associated technology’s to modernise them.

These include development and manufacturing of sophisticated armour, large calibre gun and ammunition, fire control and sighting systems, communications and battlefield management systems as well as Active Protection Systems, resulting in the 3rd generation Merkava IV Wind Breaker Main Battle Tank.

Since 2018, she has been developing new indigenous digital systems and AI technology to improve the Merkava IV.

Quoted as the Barak Tank (with no reference to Merkava) by Israel media and high ranking officials in both the IDF and Ministry Of Defence, the tank is referred to as 5th generation (4th referring to unmanned turreted tanks) thanks to its advances in Situational Awareness (what is going on around the tank) and IA technology to priorities targets as well as other new defence technologies.

The Barak Tank has been developed by the Tank and APC Directorate in the Israeli Ministry of Defense, in cooperation with the Weapons Department of the Israeli Ground Forces and the Armored Corps. The tank incorporates systems from Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, the ELTA Systems Ltd. of Israel Aerospace Industries and Elbit Systems.

The Barak Tank looks Identical to the Merkava Mk IV Wind Breaker tank, with the exceptions of new sensors and changes to the Active Protection System. Barak is currently not an upgrade to in service Mk IV, but is instead being manufactured as a new tank to replace older models of the Merkava Mk 3 currently in IDF service.

Firepower

The Barak retains the same 120mm, calibre Length 44 smoothbore main gun developed for the MK IV and manufactured by IMI’s SLAVIN Land Systems Division called the MG253.

The MG253 is capable of firing the LAHAT (Laser Homing Attack or Laser Homing Anti-Tank) which is a third generation semi-active laser homing low-weight anti-tank guided missile manufactured by Israel Aerospace Industries.

The Barak features the Iron Vision helmet. Developed by Elbit Systems, Iron Vision generates an external 360 degree HD video feed of the surroundings around the tank. Both the commander and gunner wear the Iron Vision Helmet, which displays from the video feed what ever direction they are turning their head to look at, allowing them to literally look through the tank at their surroundings.

Elbit Systems also developed the new Fire Control Systems, which is integrated with Iron Vision. With the flick of a switch, the video feed can be switched to display weapon sights to engage the target with precise

Protection

Barak tank
Barak tank September 2023. (Image property of Israeli Defense Ministry)

The Barak’s AI technology is able to scan its environment and identify potential threats before they get to engage the tank. It can then priorities these threats to the crew.

The Merkava Mk IV Windbreaker Trophy Active Protection System has received extra sensors to provide additional, unspecified information for the crew as well as updated algorithms and software.

An interview with Elbit Systems stated that they provided part of the ceramic inserts for the modular armour, but it was not clear if these ceramics are new or those used in the Merkava Mk IV.

Mobility

There are no stated improvements over the Mk IV in terms of mobility for the Barak. However, the driver does have access to Iron Vision, which enables him/her to navigate complex environments at greater speed, avoid collisions with civilian property in built up areas and study off-road terrain to avoid getting banked or throwing a track.

Specifications

characteristic
Result
Main Gun
120mm smoothbore
Secondary Weapons
Ammunition Storage
?
Engine
?
Transmission
?
Top Road Speed
?
Road Range
?
Fuel Capacity
?
Vertical Obstacle
?
Water Capability
?
Trench Crossing
?
Gradient
?
Side Slope
?
Length Gun Forward
?
Length Hull
?
Width
?
Height
?
Ground Clearance
?
Weight
?
NBC Protected
yes
Standard Armor(s) Type
Composite, Modular
Optional Add-on Armor(s) Type
Active Protection Systems
hard_kill
Crew
Commander, Gunner, Loader, Driver, Infantry Capacity