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AMX-40 Image #20
France

AMX-40 Main Battle Tank

AMX-40 Left #2
Unveiled / Entered Service
1983
AMX-40 Image #25
Status
Former Prototype
Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Table of Contents

Steel Aces Play for free
the highly anticipated MMO tactical tank shooter for 2024.

Introduction

The AMX-40 Main Battle Tank was developed for the export market. A 3rd generation Main Battle Tank, it offered significant improvements over the AMX-30B series and AMX-32 in terms of firepower, protection and mobility. Despite these improvements, it failed to attract any orders.

Background

The French AMX-30B had had great success on the export market in the 1970’s but by the 1980’s was out-classed by the Main Battle Tanks coming out of Russia and Frances allies, like the German Leopard 2 and American M1 Abram’s.

Developed by state run Giat Industries, the AMX-40 was a 3rd Generation Main Battle Tank and offered significant improvements over the AMX-30B series and AMX-32 in terms of firepower, protection and mobility.

Four prototypes were built between 1983 to 1986. Despite proactive marketing to international AMX-30B operators, the AMX-40 failed to attract any orders and the project was scrapped in 1990. 

Firepower

The AMX-40 was armed with French CN120-25 G1 model 120mm calibre Length 52 Smoothbore main gun. The G1 was exceptionally powerful for the time. Being a longer calibre Length than the German L44 on the Leopard 2, it was the most powerful smoothbore main gun in the West until Germany developed the L55 (calibre Length 55) in the late 1990’s.

The G1 features a thermal sleeve to regulate its temperature for greater accuracy and the fume extractor is located near the bore.

The AMX-40 was a 3rd generation MBT, referring to the Commanders Independent Sight, allowing him to detect targets independently of the gunner and his sight.

It featured a computerised fire control system with laser range finder and DIVT camera (which differed depending on the prototype) for night time vision.

The main gun was fully stabilised and had a 90% chance of hitting its targeting while on the move. The AMX-40 retained the same coaxial 20mm chain gun as the former AMX-30B and AMX-32.

Protection

The AMX-40 is constructed of welded steel plate. The frontal arc is better protected like all tanks with laminated hardened steel plates (marked out as thick red). It’s reported that it could provide protection against RPG-7 rounds. The sides of the turret could protect against AP up to 23mm rounds.

The side skirts had thicker section panels at the front (marked out in bright green) and the last 2 panels at the rear were thinner (dark green).

The engine is in the rear of the hull. The ammo is stored in an armoured storage bins in the turret bustle with blow-out panels just like on the Abram’s series of tanks (marked out in bright blue).

The AMX-40 had two banks of smoke grenade launchers to lay down smoke screens to mask its withdrawal.

Mobility

The AMX-40 had a greater top speed and range than the AMX-30B and AMX-32 thanks to its automatic transmission and 1,100 hp diesel engine.

Specifications

characteristic
Result
Main Gun
120mm CN 120-25 smoothbore Calibre Length 52
Secondary Weapons
Commanders 7.62.mm Machine Gun
Ammunition Storage
?
Engine
Poyaud V12XS25 1,100 hp diesel engine
Transmission
ZF LSG 3000 (4 fwd/2 rev)
Top Road Speed
70km/h
Road Range
595+ km
Fuel Capacity
?
Vertical Obstacle
?
Water Capability
?
Trench Crossing
?
Gradient
?
Side Slope
?
Length Gun Forward
10.04m
Length Hull
6.8m
Width
3.36m
Height
2.38m
Ground Clearance
?
Weight
43.7 tonnes
NBC Protected
yes
Standard Armor(s) Type
Steel, Laminated
Optional Add-on Armor(s) Type
Active Protection Systems
no
Crew
Commander, Gunner, Loader, Driver