Patria AMV Armored Modular Vehicle development started in 1995 as a replacement to the Patria Pasi 6×6 APC aka XA-180 series for the Finnish Army. Trials started in 2003 and orders for the vehicle were placed in the same year with its Finnish manufacturer, Patria.
Exports of the AMV have exceeded Patria’s European competitors and it is now in service with 7 countries whilst completing trials in others. The Polish Army deployed their version of the AMV as part of ISAF during the War in Afghanistan and was dubbed “The Green Devil” by the Taliban.
Patria AMV Armored Modular Vehicle Concept
The Finnish Patria AMV 8×8 has been developed to provide optimal modularity of components and to be adaptable for a wide range of versions without changing basic vehicle systems. Patria AMV is available in three different models:
1. Basic model provides the platform for following variants: armoured personnel carrier (APC), infantry fighting vehicle (IFV), command vehicle, ambulance, reconnaissance vehicle, anti-tank guided missile vehicle (ATGM), armoured repair and recovery vehicle (ARRV), and finally, the 120 mm Patria Nemo mortar system.
2. High Roof Model provides extra space at the rear of the vehicle (34 cm higher than the basic model), which is ideal if the vehicle is used as a command, C4I, ambulance or workshop vehicle.
3. Heavy Weapon Platform has been optimised to carry large-calibre weapon systems such as the 120mm AMOS mortar system or the 105/120mm cannon (MGS).
Patria AMV Armored Modular Vehicle Variants
Modular Turret System
- Patria AMV XP Dedicated Page
- HAVOC (Joint Project with Lockheed) Dedicated Page
- AMV35 (Joint Project with BAE Systems Sweden) Dedicated Page
- Patria AMV28A Dedicated Page
Patria AMV Armored Modular Vehicle Protection
The AMV is a welded steel construction with sections of modular armor along the hull sides and front. These modular sections consist of external mounting points where ceramic passive armored plates are attached. These can be easily removed and replaced quickly on the battlefield if damaged.
The use of modular armor also enables the mounted passive armor to be upgraded (mission dependant) from Level 1 (7.62mm) to Level 6 (30mm AP) of STANAG 4569, resulting in visual changes in shape, thickness and arrangement of the armor. The passive armor is normally mounted a few centimeters away from the hulls surface.
The AMV can also have additional bolt on boxed modular armor as well as Bar Armor or RPG Netting and Active Protection Systems (see below).
Patria AMV Active Protection AMAP-ADS
At DSEi 2007, Patria and IBD Deisenroth Engineering unveiled the Patria AMV with the AMAP-ADS Active Protection System. The system comprises of modules running across the hull sides, front and rear corners.
Each module has several launching boxes to fire a counter measure at incoming projectiles. The side hull modules have a backing passive armor to catch any spall/fragmentation from the intercepted projectile. AMAP-ADS has now been superseded by “active protection system ADS”.
Patria AMV Armored Modular Vehicle Operators & Models
Please note: (unless otherwise stated) all operator numbers ordered, dates and price info is obtained from the Arms Trade Register. You will find links for dedicated pages to each countries model under “model” in the listings if available.
The AMV entered service with the Croatian Army in 2008. A total of 126 Patria AMVs have been delivered to Croatia. They were built under licence by Croatian Firm Đuro Đaković.
Developed for its own requirements as a replacement of the 6×6 Patria Pasi, they use two models, the standard APC is designated the XA-360. It uses the established PROTECTOR M151 Remote Weapon Station, which can be mounted with either the M2 .50cal MG or the Heckler & Koch GMG automatic grenade launcher. The second model is the XA-361. It is equipped with the Patria Nemo remote-controlled 120mm mortar turret. 62 XA-360 APC and 18 XA-361 are in Finnish Army service.
Poland KTO Rosomak
Model: KTO Rosomak “Wolverine”
As the largest operator and licensed manufacturer, their modified models have seen active service and come under fire in Afghanistan and Chad.
Designated the Kołowy Transporter Opancerzony Rosomak, which translates into Wheeled Armoured Vehicle “Wolverine”, the KTO Rosomak will replace the ageing OT-64 SKOT 8×8 wheeled APC. The Rosomak is fully amphibious with rear water jets.
135 had been ordered in 2006 and the first vehicle was delivered in June 2009. Production was under licence with Slovenian company Indop. However only 30 were built after legal issues. In 2012 Patria signed a settlement with Indop offsetting the original licensing agreement. The 30 AMV will remain in service, no further orders are expected and Patria will now provide life cycle support.
South Africa AMV
In November 2013, Denel Land Systems and Patria signed a contract for the serial production and delivery of Patria AMVs to the South African National Defence Force. The contract includes 238 vehicles; of which five prototype series vehicles were already delivered during the development phase of the project. Patria will handle production of the first 16 vehicles.
Thereafter, serial production will be moved to South Africa, with Denel Land Systems being responsible for the production and final integration of the vehicles.
In South Africa, Patria AMV is known as Badger. There will be five versions: a standard infantry carrier, a command car, fire support variant, mortar carrier and tank hunter, costing roughly $145 million (US).
The Swedish Defence Material Administration and Patria signed a contract in June 2009 for 113 Patria AMV for the Swedish Army as part of the project known as AWV 2014.
The value of the contract is approximately 240 million EURO’s. The purchase had been halted after BAE Hagglunds who had been developing a similar line of Modular tracked & wheeled vehicles for Sweden went to court. BAE claimed issues with competition biding and procurement process by the Swedish Defence Material Administration.
In November 2010 The Administrative Court of Stockholm announced the Swedish Defence Material Administration had conducted the armoured wheeled vehicle tender in accordance with the act on public procurement. The first vehicles were delivered in March 2013 and there is an option for another 113 vehicles.
United Arab Emirates
Operating the largest fleet of BMP-3 (600), an AMV mounting the BMP-3’s turret was publicly displayed in the UAE. The BMP-3 turret mounts a 100mm main gun, which can fire anti-tank missiles and has a 30mm auto cannon. It’s expected that the AMV will work alongside the BMP-3 but offer a greater level of mobility.
The UAE announced the order in January 2016, but anything such as the number order are classified. Patria has establised a company office in the UAE since the order and have confirmed the AMV for UAE will be manufactured in Poland.
AMV Armored Modular Vehicle Manufacturers
Though some AMV’s are produced by Patria, the company has also signed agreements with various companies in several countries for the licensed production of the AMV. (the company uses Patria’s intellectual property design) This includes production for domestic and export.
The end-user agreement (like all licence built military vehicles) means Patria has the right to say if significant modifications can be made. It can also say, which countries the licensed producer can sell their AMV’s too.
Croatia – Croatian company Đuro Đaković produced the AMV for the Croatian Army. They signed an agreement for a common effort in sales of Patria AMV vehicles to case-by-case selected third countries in 2011 and finalised in 2012, meaning the Company can produce the AMV for export.
Poland – Polish company WZM S.A. initially signed an agreement to produce the AMV aka Rosomak in 2002/2003. In July 2013 a new licence agreement was signed and under the terms of the new contract WZM receives license rights to manufacture Rosomaks until 2023 and maintenance rights until 2052.
South Africa – Denel Land Systems and Patria signed an agreement in November 2013 regarding Patria AMV 8×8 armoured wheeled vehicle serial production and delivery to South Africa.
Patria AMV Armored Modular Vehicle Trialled and Potential Operators
Dedicated Vehicle Page: AMV35
On the 28th of July 2016, BAE Systems-Hägglunds announced that the AMV35 is 1 of 2 vehicles selected to take part in the 12-month Risk Mitigation Activity for the Australian Army’s Land 400 Phase 2 combat reconnaissance vehicle program.
In 2013 Croatian AMV licensed producer Đuro’s Patria announced they had sent a AMV to Kuwait for final testing. Kuwait currently operates a number of wheeled APC.
Macedonia has stated it would like to purchase the licence built AMV from Croatia. It’s believed that talks were still ongoing in 2014. The number to be bought has yet to be publicly announced.
The army operates the Polish Twardy Tank. It held field trials in 2006 of the Rosomak supplied by Polish licensed producer WZM S.A.
United States of America (USMC) “HAVOC”
Dedicated Vehicle Page: HAVOC
Patria and Lockheed Martin had agreed to cooperate in the competition for the US Marines MPC (Marine Personnel Carrier) program. The MPC is set to replace the LAV-25. The USMC is planning to obtain 600 MPC vehicles. Patria delivered the AMV 8×8 vehicle. Lockheed Martin Systems Integration was responsible for system integration and survivability systems. It was planned that Lockheed ran the US production line, as well as networking and logistics. The new hybrid was called the HAVOC.
In June 2013 the Marine Corps officially put the MPC program on hold. In February 2014 the project was back on, now known as Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) Phase I program. However, in July 2015 partnership between Patria and Lockheed Martin came to an end.
At DVD 2016, held at the Millbrook Proving Ground (UK), a number of 8×8 fighting vehicles were on display, including the Patria AMV fitted with the new Lockheed Martin Warrior WSCP Turret (equipped with a Javelin ATGM Launcher) currently being installed in the upgraded Warrior IFV.
The former cancelled FRES UV program has now matured in to the British Armies “Mechanised Infantry Carrier” MIC program. A number of manufacturers have expressed an interest in offering their 8×8 platforms including Patria with the AMV, as demonstrated with their successful integration of the WSCP turret.
Patria AMV Armored Modular Vehicle Specifications
|Main Gun||Various – 7.62mm RWS to Rifled 105mm|
|Engine||543hp DI 12 Scania Diesel|
|Transmission||7 speed Automatic|
|Top Road Speed||100 km/h|
|Suspension Type||hydropneumatic, height adjustment optional|
|Road Range||600 – 800 km|
|Water Capability||Fording 2m / Amphibious 6 – 10 km/h|
|Length Gun Forward||n/a|
|Height||2.4m (2.7m high roof version)|
|Weight||17 – 27 tonne depending on variant|
|Armor Type||Modular, composite insert, bar armor capable, IED Kit|
|Active Protection Systems||Optional – Can be fitted with IBD AMAP-ADS|
- Pictures are owned and courtesy of http://patria.fi/