Strf 9040 Prototype ID Number 204798

Strf 9040 Prototype ID Number 204798

Commonly referred to as the Combat Vehicle 90, the CV90 is a family of Swedish Tracked Infantry Fighting Vehicles developed from the Stridsfordon 9040 aka Strf 9040, built by the former company Hägglunds, now part of BAE Systems AB.

The Strf 9040 hull has served as the testbed for a number of proposed medium tank designs. These have sported different turrets armed with rifled 105mm and 120mm smoothbore main guns during the late 1990’s when many people speculated the Main Battle Tank would be made redundant in favor of these medium tanks, a concept that has been proven wrong with countries still buying MBT’s.

The Strf 9040 and export models of the Infantry Fighting Vehicle are in service with 7 countries in Europe and trialed in a number of others.

The Strf 9040 has since been upgraded for the Swedish Army, modified to spec for export clients, such as armor, main gun and fire control systems. These receive new Mk designations and new CV90 names which include the caliber of the main gun.

Combat Vehicle 90 Models (Mk) & Timeline

1986: Swedish Strf 9025 Prototype Delivered

Combat Vehicle 90 - Mk0 Strf 9025 Prototype

Combat Vehicle 90 – Mk0 Strf 9025 Prototype

During the development and trial process, Sweden trialed the Strf 90 with both a 25mm and 40mm cannon, with the possible intention of a mixture of the vehicle fitted with both cannons. The 25mm idea was dropped and remained at the prototype stage.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: Strf 9040 (and upgraded models)

1991: Swedish Army Strf 9040 Ordered (Mk0)

Combat Vehicle 90 - Mk0 Swedish Strf 9040

Combat Vehicle 90 – Mk0 Swedish Strf 9040

Details of Vehicle: Mk 0. Analog environment & 14 Litre Scania Engine

The eventual production model was known as the Strf 9040. It is armed with a Bofors 40mm main gun, which was un-stabilized limiting its fire on the move capability. The in service Swedish Strf vehicles were/are considered as Mark 0 aka Mk0.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: Strf 9040 (and upgraded models)

1993: Swedish Army Lvkv 90 Ordered (Mk0)

Combat Vehicle 90 - Mk0 Strf 9040 Lvkv 90 SPAAG

Combat Vehicle 90 – Mk0 Strf 9040 Lvkv 90 SPAAG

Details of Vehicle: Mk 0. Analog environment & 14 Litre Scania Engine

Developed as a Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun, the 40mm main gun has an increased elevation. Detection and tracking is via the large PS-95 Radar system mounted on the right side of the turret.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: N/A

1994?: Swedish Army Strf 9040A Ordered (Mk0)

Combat Vehicle 90 - Mk0 Strf 9040A

Combat Vehicle 90 – Mk0 Strf 9040A

Details of Vehicle: Mk 0. Analog environment & 14 Litre Scania Engine

External mounting of a gun stabilization system to the left of the main gun. All earlier production model upgraded to this standard.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: Strf 9040 (and upgraded models)

1994: International CV90105 TML Turret

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV90105 TML Turret

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV90105 TML Turret

Details of Vehicle: Uses a French TNL 105mm turret on a Mk0 hull

Dedicated Vehicle Page: CV90105 TML

1996: Export Model CV9030 Delivered To Norway (Mk1)

Combat Vehicle 90 - Mk1 CV9030

Combat Vehicle 90 – Mk1 CV9030

Details of Vehicle: Mk 1. Analog environment 14 Litre Scania Engine

(Norwegian CV9030N). The Mk1 was the export model of the CV9040. Armed with a 30mm main gun and up-armored to meet the needs of potential such as MEXAS used on Norwegian CV9030 (aka CV9030N).

⦁    Plates and coaxial MG have moved a bit
⦁    Additional sighting
⦁    Turret armor changed
⦁    New 30mm main gun and changes to mantle
⦁    Storage boxes added to the turret sides
⦁    Smoke Grenade Launcher clusters changed
⦁    Added armor to hull
⦁    Troop section hatch changed with additional cupola

Dedicated Vehicle Page: CV9030 (and operator models)

1997: Swedish Army Strf 9040B Ordered (Mk0)

Combat Vehicle 90 - Mk0 Strf 9040B

Combat Vehicle 90 – Mk0 Strf 9040B

Details of Vehicle: Mk 0. Analog environment & 14 Litre Scania Engine

External gun stabilization removed and now internal. In addition, Gunners back up sight mounted on left side of gun.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: Strf 9040 (and upgraded models)

1998: International CV90120-T Medium Tank Unveiled

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV90120 Medium Tank

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV90120 Medium Tank

Details of Vehicle: Mk 0. Analog environment & 14 Litre Scania Engine

New Hägglunds turret with Ruag 120mm smoothbore main gun. Uses Mk0 hull and the turret was later upgraded.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: CV90120-T (and upgraded models)

1999: Swedish Strf 9040/56 ordered (Mk0)

Combat Vehicle 90 - Mk0 Strf 9040_56

Combat Vehicle 90 – Mk0 Strf 9040_56

Details of Vehicle: Mk 0. Analog environment & 14 Litre Scania Engine

RB56 ATGM system trialed. Was eventually dropped and did not enter service.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: Strf 9040/56

2002: International AMOS Mortar Unveiled

Combat Vehicle 90 - Mk0 Strf 9040 AMOS

Combat Vehicle 90 – Mk0 Strf 9040 AMOS

Details of Vehicle: Mk 0. Analog environment & 14 Litre Scania Engine

Joint project between Hägglunds and Finnish Patria, who created a new company for the project. Swedish Army interest in the project fizzled out and was not purchased.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: AMOS Mortar Turret

2002: Swedish Army Strf 9040C Delivered (Mk0)

Combat Vehicle 90 - Mk0 Strf 9040C

Combat Vehicle 90 – Mk0 Strf 9040C

Details of Vehicle: Mk 0. Analog environment & 14 Litre Scania Engine

Complete modular AMAP armor system installed, probably the most heavily armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle in Europe. Not all Strf 9040B have been upgraded to this model.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: Strf 9040 (and upgraded models)

2003: Export Model CV9030 Delivered To Finland (Mk2)

Combat Vehicle 90 - Mk2 CV9030

Combat Vehicle 90 – Mk2 CV9030

Details of Vehicle: Mk 2. Digital environment & 16 Litre Scania Engine

Visible changes in the turret rear (point 1. above), saw an improved engine and Digital environment.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: CV9030 (and operator models)

2005: Israeli Rafael “insensitive reactive armor” Unveiled

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV90 Rafael Reactive Armor

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV90 Rafael Reactive Armor

Details of Vehicle: Mk 2. Digital environment & 16 Litre Scania Engine

Proposed armor upgrade of the Mk2 by Rafael. No orders purchased.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: N/A

2007?: International CV90120-T with AMAP-ADS Unveiled

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV90120 Medium Tank AMAP ADS

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV90120 Medium Tank AMAP ADS

Details of Vehicle: Mk 0. Analog environment & 14 Litre Scania Engine

Improved version of the earlier CV90120 with AMAP-ADS Hard Kill System.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: CV90120-T (and upgraded models)

2007: Export Model CV9035 Delivered To Netherlands (Mk3)

Combat Vehicle 90 - Mk3 CV9035

Combat Vehicle 90 – Mk3 CV9035

Details of Vehicle: Mk 3. Digital environment & 16 Litre Scania Engine

⦁    New 35mm main gun
⦁    Frontal armor appears to change
⦁    New SAAB Active Protection System
⦁    Additional storage box
⦁    Changes to the rear of the turret

The CV9035 was delivered to both Denmark and the Netherlands from 2007 onwards.

The CV9035 does have armor upgrades, but not always used. These include the Roof PRO-P (marked in Yellow) and a standard armor upgrade to the hull sides and front.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: CV9035 (and operator models)

2008/10: FRES SV Prototype For The British Army Unveiled (Mk3)

Combat Vehicle 90 - Mk3 FRES

Combat Vehicle 90 – Mk3 FRES

Details of Vehicle: Mk 3. Digital environment & 16 Litre Scania Engine

Developed for the British Army Future Rapid Effect System (FRES) Scout Role to replace the CVR(T). GDLS ASCOD design was selected in 2010 and the project ceased. Armed with a 40mm cannon and heavily armored.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: CV90 FRES SV Prototype

2011: International CV90120 Ghost Medium Tank With ADAPTIV Armor Unveiled

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV90120 Medium Tank ADAPTIV Armor

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV90120 Medium Tank ADAPTIV Armor

Details of Vehicle: Mk 0. Analog environment & 14 Litre Scania Engine (informed only the hull maybe Mk0)

New camouflage system. The Commanders Sight also has cameras to take photographs of surroundings to project on ADAPTIV armor.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: CV90120-T Ghost Tank

2012: Swedish Army Strf 9040C REMO Unveiled (Mk0)

Combat Vehicle 90 - Mk0 Strf 9040C Remo

Combat Vehicle 90 – Mk0 Strf 9040C Remo

Details of Vehicle: Mk 0. Analog environment & 14 Litre Scania Engine

Additional AMAP armor replacing older system for increased protection. Not in service.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: Strf 9040 (and upgraded models)

2014: First Deliveries of Upgraded CV9030N To Norway (Mk2)

Combat Vehicle 90 - Mk2 CV9030 Norway Upgrade

Combat Vehicle 90 – Mk2 CV9030 Norway Upgrade

Details of Vehicle: Mk 3. Digital environment & 16 Litre Scania Engine

⦁    Added Remote Weapon Station with 40mm grenade launcher
⦁    Rubber tracks
⦁    Improved side armor
⦁    Improvements to digital environment

Dedicated Vehicle Page: CV9030 (and operator models)

2014: International Medium Tank CV90105-T XC-8 105HP Turret

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV90 XC-8 105HP Turret

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV90 XC-8 105HP Turret

Details of Vehicle: Mk 0. Analog environment & 14 Litre Scania Engine?

Joint project with Cockerill, the installation of their XC-8 105HP turret.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: CV90105-T XC-8

2015: Mk3 Armadillo Delivered To Denmark

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV90 Armadillo

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV90 Armadillo

Details of Vehicle: Heavily up-armored Mk3

Built as an APC but photographed with a Remote Weapon Station fitted with a 30mm main gun (pictured above). Uses rubber tracks and other advanced mobility components. The vehicle has been trialled in Denmark for trails.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: CV90 Armadillo

2016 (July): AMV35 with CV9035 Turret Selected by Australia

Combat Vehicle 90 – Patria AMV35 feat CV9035 Turret

Combat Vehicle 90 – Patria AMV35 feat CV9035 Turret

Details of Vehicle: Hybrid vehicle, with CV9035 Turret

Joint development project with Patria for the Australian Land 400 Program Phase 2. 1 of 2 vehicles selected for 12 months of trials in 2016. Vehicle is a standard Patria AMV 8×8 and fully loaded CV9035 turret (E35)

Dedicated Vehicle Page: Patria AMV35

2016 (September): CV9035 Offered to Australia

Combat Vehicle 90 model CV9035 Offered for Land 400 Prgram

Combat Vehicle 90 – CV9035 for Land 400 Prgram

Details of Vehicle: Mk 3. Digital environment & 16 Litre Scania Engine

BAE Systems offer the Australian Army the CV9035 Tracked IFV for their Land 400 Program Phase 3. Phase 3 selection and trials TBA at a later date. Vehicles would mmost likely be built at BAE Systems Australia.

Dedicated Vehicle Page: CV9035 (and operator models)

Combat Vehicle 90 Operators

Please note: (unless otherwise stated) all operator numbers ordered, dates and price info is obtained from the Arms Trade Register. You will find links for dedicated pages to each countries model CV90 under “model” in the listings if available.

Denmark

Model: CV9035DK

45 Mk3 CV9035 were ordered in 2005. Deliveries started in 2008 and were completed in 2010. The CV9035DK has been deployed with the Danish Army as part of ISAF in the Afghanistan War.

Estonia

Model: CV9035NL

44 surplus Dutch CV9035NL were purchased by Estonia in 2014. Deliveries started in 2015.

Finland

Model: CV9030FIN

Finland has purchased a total of 107 CV9035 in 2 separate orders. The first order was in 2000, for 57 vehicles. These were delivered in 2003 to 2007. The second order was in 2004 for 45 vehicles. These vehicles were delivered from 2006 to 2007 with some vehicle components supplied from Finland.

Netherlands

Model: CV9035NL

184 CV9035 were ordered in 2004 for the Dutch Army. Deliveries were started in 2007 and were completed in 2012. The Netherlands sold 44 surplus vehicles to Estonia.

Norway

Model: CV9030N

Norway initially purchased 104 CV9030 in 1994. Deliveries started in 1996 and were completed in 2000. In 2012 the Norwegian Government announced it was over-hauling and upgrading its CV9030 fleet as well as buy new CV90 models, bring its total fleet up to 146 CV90 vehicles. Deliveries started in 2014, with 20 delivered as of 2015.

The CV9030N has been deployed with the Norwegien Army as part of ISAF in the Afghanistan War.

Switzerland

Model: CV9030CH

Switzerland purchased a total of 186 CV9030 in 2000 for $424,000,000. Deliveries ran from 2001 to 2005.

Sweden

Model: Strf 9040

Originally developed and manufactured for the Swedish Army, the CV90 is locally known as the Strf 9040. It has been upgraded several times with the most modern model being the uparmored Strf 9040C. Development and prototype production ran from 1983 to 1991 when the first order was placed. Production of the Strf 9040 and its variants was completed in 2002.

The Swedish Army have deployed the Strf 9040C as part of both the Swedish UN-forces in Liberia 2004 and ISAF in the Afghanistan War.

Combat Vehicle 90 (Strf 9040) Specifications

Firepower
Main Gun 40mm (Bofors) autocannon
Elevation -8 to +35
Secondary Weapons x1 coaxial 7.62mm MG
Ammunition Storage x? 40mm, x? 7.62mm
Mobility
Engine Scania DS14 550hp Diesel
Transmission Perkins X300 Series x4 speed forward/x2 reverse
Top Road Speed 70 km/h
Road Range 600km
Fuel Capacity 525 litres
Vertical Obstacle 1m
Water Capability 1.4m
Trench Crossing 2.4m
Gradient 60%
Side Slope 40%
Dimensions
Length Gun Forward 6.47m
Length Hull 6.6m
Width
3.003m
Height 2.5m (Turret Top)
Ground Clearance 0.45m
Weight 22,800kg aka 22.8 tonne combat
Protection
NBC Protected Yes
Armor Type Steel
Active Protection Systems No
Crew
Commander Yes
Gunner Yes
Loader No
Driver Yes
Additional Crew
Troops Carried 8

References:

Mk0 Strf 9040

⦁    http://www.baesystems.com/cs/ContentServer?packedargs=WEBROOTNAME%3Den_global&c=BAEProduct_C&childpagename=Global%2FBAELayout&rendermode=preview&pagename=GlobalWrapper&cid=1434566346255
⦁    History http://www.sphf.se/CV90%20bok.htm
⦁    https://www.soldf.com/strf9040.html
⦁    http://www.primeportal.net/apc/olof_nilsson/cv9040c_photos.htm
⦁    http://www.primeportal.net/apc/roger_johansson/cv9040/
⦁    Government Timeline http://www.fmv.se/sv/Projekt/Stridsfordon-90/Milstolpar/

Mk1 CV9030

http://bemil.chosun.com/nbrd/gallery/view.html?b_bbs_id=10044&num=45475

Mk2 CV9030

⦁    http://www.combatandsurvival.com/world-news/5552-norway-upgrade-is-most-advanced-cv90-to-date
⦁    http://www.rafael.co.il/Marketing/349-en/Marketing.aspx?searchText=CV90
⦁    http://www.panzerbaer.de/types/nl_ifv_cv90-a.htm

Mk3 CV9035

⦁    Dutch CV9035 DK http://www.armyvehicles.dk/cv9035.htm
⦁    http://www.ruag.com/defence/land-systems/protection/roof-protection-for-armoured-vehicles-roofpro-p/
⦁    Netherlands pre-up armor http://primeportal.net/apc/erik_jan_eskes/cv9035/
⦁    Netherlands up-armored http://www.primeportal.net/apc/arnout_zaal/cv9035_mkiii/

Mk3 Armadillo & Mk3 FRES SV

⦁    http://www.baesystems.com/en-uk/product/cv90-armadillo—multi-role-flexibility
⦁    http://tanknutdave.com/the-bae-fres-sv/

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